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Monday, June 27, 2016

Kleptocracy - Rule By Thieves

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This is from the Wikipedia

Kleptocracy, alternatively cleptocracy or kleptarchy, (from Greek: κλέπτης - kleptēs, "thief" and κράτος - kratos, "power, rule", hence "rule by thieves") is a term applied to a government seen as having a particularly severe and systemic problem with officials or a ruling class (collectively, kleptocrats) taking advantage of corruption to extend their personal wealth and political power. 

Typically this system involves the embezzlement of state funds at the expense of the wider population, sometimes without even the pretense of honest service.

Kleptocracies are generally associated with dictatorships, oligarchies, military juntas, or other forms of autocratic and nepotist governments in which external oversight is impossible or does not exist. 

This lack of oversight can be caused or exacerbated by the ability of the kleptocratic officials to control both the supply of public funds and the means of disbursal for those funds. 

Kleptocratic rulers often treat their country's treasury as a source of personal wealth, spending funds on luxury goods and extravagances as they see fit. 

Many kleptocratic rulers secretly transfer public funds into hidden personal numbered bank accounts in foreign countries to provide for themselves if removed from power.

Kleptocracy is most common in developing countries whose economies are based on the export of natural resources. Such export incomes constitute a form of economic rent and are easier to siphon off without causing the income to decrease.

Effects

The effects of a kleptocratic regime or government on a nation are typically adverse in regards to the welfare of the state's economy, political affairs and civil rights. 

Kleptocratic governance typically ruins prospects of foreign investment and drastically weakens the domestic market and cross-border trade. 

As kleptocracies often embezzle money from their citizens by misusing funds derived from tax payments, or engage heavily in money laundering schemes, they tend to heavily degrade quality of life for citizens.

In addition, the money that kleptocrats steal is diverted from funds earmarked for public amenities such as the building of hospitals, schools, roads, parks – having further adverse effects on the quality of life of citizens.

The informal oligarchy that results from a kleptocratic elite subverts democracy (or any other political format).

Examples

In early 2004, the German anti-corruption NGO Transparency International released a list of what it believes to be the ten most self-enriching leaders in the past two decades.

In order of amount allegedly stolen USD, they were:
  1. Indonesian President Suharto ($15 billion – $35 billion)
  2. Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos (at least $10 billion by 1986)
  3. Congolese President Mobutu Sese Seko ($5 billion)
  4. Nigerian Head of State Sani Abacha ($2 billion – $5 billion)
  5. Yugoslav President Slobodan Milošević ($1 billion)
  6. Haitian President Jean-Claude Duvalier ($300 million – $800 million)
  7. Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori ($600 million)
  8. Ukrainian Prime Minister Pavlo Lazarenko ($114 million – $200 million)
  9. Nicaraguan President Arnoldo Alemán ($100 million)
  10. Philippine President Joseph Estrada ($78 million – $80 million)
Sources allege that Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak stole up to $70 billion. 

In addition, other sources have listed : 

11. PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat as having stolen $1 billion to $10 billion. 
12. Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari siphoning over $2 billion to his Swiss accounts.
13. Nursultan Nazarbayev head of Kazakhstan ruling clan with $7 billion assets. 

British Leave EU, France (EU) Reject TTIP



France’s PM Manuel Valls dismissed possibility of agreement on US-EU transatlantic trade deal, since it goes against the interests of European Union.

“No free trade agreement should be concluded if it does not respect EU interests. Europe should be firm. France will be vigilant about this,” Valls said 

“I can tell you frankly, there cannot be a transatlantic treaty agreement. This agreement is not on track,” Valls added.

Valls pointed that the agreement “would be bad for our economy.”

TTIP – Transatlantic Trade Investment Partnership – EU-US free trade treaty

controversial, criticized for secretiveness, lack of accountability

big corporations only ones to profit

corporate interest ahead of national interest

canceling quotas on milk stipulated in TTIP 

Dairy sector key driver of French economy.

negotiations still in progress with next round scheduled for July.

quite fierce opposition in Europe, especially France and Germany


My comments :  Trump is right and the German public is right.  A sudden overdose of strange immigrants (as opposed to slow and steady movement of people over time) into a society that is at equilibrium will only upset that equilibrium.  It can create pressures and disharmony in the target societies.  

A million or so Moros in Sabah are already causing havoc in the State.  

People want their identities and independence preserved. That is what the UKIP (UK Independence Party) is also saying. And 52% of Brits seem to agree. They dont want the United Kingdom being dictated to by a mish-mash of European lawmakers. Hence the Brits have voted to leave the European Union.

They say that it will cost the Brits more to export products to the EU now. Hence also the panic in the stock markets. I  say, 'No different than other non-EU countries like the US, Canada, Australia, Japan, China, Korea who also export products to the EU countries'.  

It will save the Brits 200 million Pounds a week (RM4.8 billion a month) which they have to pay the EU.

Basically the Brits DO NOT WANT their life to be dictated by people who are not British.

In the same way, the French and the Germans (and hence the EU) are against the TTIP (the Atlantic version of the TPPA). 

The French Prime Minister has clearly sniffed out the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership or TTIP as not being in the French interests.

Over here in Malaysia we have already signed the TPPA.  

In Malaysia,  Ministers says the PM does not know what he signs. So the PM can sign without knowing what he signs.

An UMNO lawyer from Perak has already said that the Prime Minister need not know what he signs.    So the PM does not even have to know what he signs.

This is how we have signed the TPPA. Without knowing or understanding what it means.

I think the French know better than our PM. 

Najib's new cabinet: Husni quits all posts, Noh Omar returns

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Prime Minister Najib Abdul Razak today announced a cabinet reshuffle involving 10 portfolios.
The most prominent shake-up is Husni Hanadzlah's resignation from his post as Finance Minister II.
"Husni has informed me of his wish to retire so I respect that, he is quite ready to retire," Najib said in a brief press conference after announcing the line-up in Putrajaya.
A statement issued later by his former political secretary said Husni was also resigning as Umno treasurer, Perak Umno deputy chief, Tambun Umno division chief, and Tambun BN chief.
Husni has been holding the second finance minister's post since Najib replaced Abdullah Ahmad Badawi as prime minister in 2009.
The Tambun MP will be succeeded in the cabinet by Titiwangsa MP Johari Abdul Ghani.
Meanwhile, Tanjong Karang MP Noh Omar has returned to Najib's cabinet, taking over the Urban Wellbeing, Housing and Local Government Ministry from Abdul Rahman Dahlan.
Noh was previously the agriculture and agro-based industry minister in Najib's first cabinet, but was dropped after the 2013 general election.
During his tenure as second finance minister, Husni was appointed as the 1MDB spokesperson at the height of the scandal back in 2015.
On 1MDB, he has reportedly said the interim attorney-general's report showed that the investment firm had committed no wrongdoing, and that 1MDB's US$1.1 billion savings in the Cayman Islands was in the form of units, and not cash.
Husni had also pushed for ministries to cut on spending, saying their key performance index (KPI) was being measured by their savings.

Meanwhile, when Noh was minister he was implicated in a scandal involving a prawn farm.
In 2012, Sekinchan assemblyperson Ng Suee Lim had told the Selangor state legislative assembly that Noh was engaged in a joint venture with prawn breeder Pristine Agrofood Sdn Bhd, which he claimed was in conflict with his ministerial position.
Pristine Agrofood, however, insisted that Noh was only the landowner of the prawn farm, while the Tanjong Karang MP denied having a stake in the company. - Mkini

Citizenship offer a pack of lies, claims Indian NGO


The offer by the federal government to give citizenship to all permanent residents (PR) who are 60 years and above has been described as "laudable" by various quarters.
Although a similar campaign was conducted in June 2014, not everyone is happy about the offer.
"There seems to be a curious scheme behind all this needless campaigns," said N Ganesan, a member of the Hindraf People’s Movement.
"A closer look will reveal the lies behind all of this," he added.
Ganesan cited official statistics by the Special Implementation Task Force on the Indian Community (SITF) under the Prime Minister’s Department which has estimated that there are still more than 30,000 people with non-citizen status.
These are especially people from the Indian community with red identity cards.
Ganesan claimed that the SITF official said the government acknowledged this problem and had taken steps to tackle it with the MyDaftar programme since February 2011.
The programme saw 4,155 out of the total 6,527 applications being approved.
SITF statistics also revealed that 1,479 of these applicants were born before independence while only 155 applications were rejected.
"(These are) sordid statistics indeed," said Ganesan.
"There are 1,500 who may potentially get a blue IC out of an estimated 30,000 through this initiative," he added.
"(Now) that makes it 5 % of the total applicants at best who may succeed (in getting a blue IC)," he noted.
"This means 95 % of the stateless red IC holders are left untouched. Can any initiative do worse?"he asked.
Ganesan pointed out that there are several other significant categories of stateless people.

The true extent of the problem is yet to be established, he said.
"We can expect that the officially accepted number of 30,000 in this category alone is understated and for obvious political reasons," he added.
Ganesan said that a red IC holder is not a national of Malaysia.
He recalled that on April 18, 2013, Prime Minister Najib Abdul Razak had signed a landmark agreement with Persatuan Hindraf Malaysia to address the problem of stateless people with the aim of resolving it in a comprehensive manner.
However, he said nothing has happened.
He said all these campaigns (to give citizenship to PR holders) were totally ineffective. -Mkini

Najib's full 2016 cabinet line-up


Below is the full list of Prime Minister Najib Abdul Razak's cabinet line-up:
MINISTERS
Najib Abdul Razak – Prime Minister and Finance Minister
Ahmad Zahid Hamidi – Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister
Johari Abdul Ghani – Finance Minister II
Liow Tiong Lai – Transport Minister
Nazri Abdul Aziz – Tourism and Culture Minister
Hishammuddin Hussein – Defence Minister
Mustapa Mohamed – International Trade and Industries Minister
Ong Ka Chuan – International Trade and Industry Minister II
Maximus Johnity Ongkili – Energy, Green Technology and Water Minister
Mah Siew Keong – Plantation Industries and Commodities Minister
Ahmad Shabery Cheek – Agriculture and Agro-based Industries Minister
Ismail Sabri Yaakob – Rural and Regional Development Minister
Anifah Aman – Foreign Minister
Wilfred Madius Tangau – Science, Technology and Innovation Minister
Rohani Abdul Karim – Women and Family Development Minister
Fadillah Yusof – Works Minister
Richard Riot Anak Jaem – Human Resources Minister
Tengku Adnan Tengku Mansor – Federal Territories Minister
Idris Jusoh - Higher Education Minister
Khairy Jamaluddin Abu Bakar – Youth and Sports Minister
Noh Omar – Housing and Local Government Minister
Hamzah Zainudin – Domestic Trade, Cooperatives and Consumerism Minister
Wan Junaidi Tuanku Jaafar – Natural Resources and Environment Minister
Mahdzir Khalid – Education Minister
Dr S Subramaniam – Health Minister
Mohd Salleh Said Keruak – Communications and Multimedia Minister
Abdul Rahman Dahlan – Minister in the Prime Minister's Department
Azalina Othman Said – Minister in the Prime Minister's Department
Nancy Shukri – Minister in the Prime Minister's Department
Wee Ka Siong – Minister in the Prime Minister's Department
Shahidan Kassim – Minister in the Prime Minister's Department
Paul Low Seng Kuan – Minister in the Prime Minister's Department
Joseph Entulu Anak Belaun – Minister in the Prime Minister's Department
Joseph Kurup – Minister in the Prime Minister's Department
Jamil Khir Baharom – Minister in the Prime Minister's Department
DEPUTY MINISTERS
Othman Aziz – Deputy Finance Minister
Lee Chee Leong – Deputy Finance Minister
Nur Jazlan Mohamed – Deputy Home Minister
Masir Anak Kujat – Deputy Home Minister
Ermieyati Samsudin – Deputy Tourism and Culture Minister
Johari Baharum – Deputy Defence Minister
Ahmad Maslan – Deputy International Trade and Industries Minister
Chua Tee Yong – Deputy International Trade and Industries Minister
James Dawos Mamit – Deputy Energy, Green Technology and Water Minister
Nasrun Mansur – Deputy Plantation Industries and Commodities Minister
Tajuddin Abdul Rahman – Deputy Agriculture and Agro-based Industries Minister
Alexander Nanta Linggi – Deputy Rural and Regional Development Minister
Ahmad Jazlan Yaakub – Deputy Rural and Regional Development Minister
Reezal Merican Naina Merican – Deputy Foreign Minister
Azizah Panglima Mohd Dun – Deputy Women and Family Development Minister
Chew Mei Fun – Deputy Women and Family Development Minister
Abu Bakar Mohamad Diah – Deputy Science, Technology and Innovation Minister
Rosnah Abdul Rashid Shirlin – Deputy Works Minister
Ismail Abd Muttalib – Deputy Human resources Minister
Loga Bala Mohan Jaganathan – Deputy Federal Territories Minister
Mary Yap Kain Ching – Deputy Higher Education Minister
M Saravanan – Deputy Youth and Sports Minister
Halimah Mohd Sadique – Deputy Housing and Local Government Minister
Henry Sum Agong – Deputy Domestic Trade, Cooperatives and Consumerism Minister
Hamim Samuri – Deputy Natural Resources and Environment Minister
P Kamalanathan – Deputy Education Minister
Chong Sin Woon – Deputy Education Minister
Jailani Johari – Deputy Communications and Multimedia Minister
Hilmi Yahaya – Deputy Health Minister
Ab Aziz Kaprawi – Deputy Transport Minister
Razali Ibrahim – Deputy Minister in the Prime Minister's Department
Asyraf Wajdi Dusuki – Deputy Minister in the Prime Minister's D1epartment
SK Devamany – Deputy Minister in the Prime Minister's Department

Najib unveils his new cabinet line-up

© Provided by The Star Online

Prime Minister Najib Abdul Razak unveiled his new cabinet line-up this afternoon, his third reshuffle since 2013.
The latest reshuffle comes one month shy of a year since Najib shook up his roster, dropping Muhyiddin Yassin and Shafie Apdal, and promoting Ahmad Zahid Hamidi to deputy prime minister.
The new line up is as follows:
Ikuti sidang media langsung pengumuman barisan Jemaah Menteri baharu oleh PM pada jam 3.15 petang di

(Updated) Cabinet reshuffle announcement today



PRIME Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak will announce Cabinet reshuffle at his office in Putrajaya at 3.15pm today. 

It is likely to be the last shake-up of the government’s leadership before the next general election. 

Several changes are on the cards, which could see the appointment of as many as four ministers and four deputy ministers. 

Najib, who in May revealed plans to reshuffle the cabinet line-up following Barisan Nasional’s thumping victory in the Sarawak election, is set to announce several new faces to fill vacant positions. 

The New Straits Times understands that the swearing-in for the new cabinet members is scheduled for tomorrow. 

Names have yet to be confirmed, but Putrajaya sources told the NST that at least two existing cabinet members might be moved to other portfolios. 

Second Finance Minister Datuk Seri Ahmad Husni Hanadzlah is slated to be appointed as Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department in charge of the Economic Planning Unit. 

The portfolio was previously held by Datuk Seri Abdul Wahid Omar, who stepped down after his term as a senator ended this month. 

It was also learnt that Datuk Johari Abdul Ghani, who is currently deputy finance minister, may be promoted and succeed Husni as the new second finance minister. 

Senior Parti Pesaka Bumiputera Bersatu (PBB) leader and Kapit member of parliament Datuk Alexander Nanta Linggi may be appointed plantation industries and commodities minister, replacing Datuk Seri Douglas Uggah Embas. 

The portfolio was left vacant following Uggah’s resignation after winning the Bukit Saban seat in the Sarawak election and was appointed as Sarawak deputy chief minister. 

It was also learnt that PBB’s Lawas lawmaker Datuk Henry Sum Agong may replace Alexander as deputy rural and regional development minister. 

Universiti Malaysia Sarawak political analyst Associate Professor Dr Jeneri Amir said the possible appointment of two leaders into the cabinet was justified. 

“The post of plantation industries and commodities minister was previously helmed by Uggah, who is also the PBB senior vice-president. 

“Hence, it is only right for the post to be filled by a PBB member of parliament. This makes Alexander the right candidate since he is a senior leader in the party. 

“Should Alexander be promoted, his successor should also be a member of parliament from the same party,” said Jeniri yesterday. 

Another source said Muar lawmaker Datuk Razali Ibrahim, who is currently deputy minister in the Prime Minister’s Department, may be promoted to a full minister. 

There is also speculation that MIC deputy president Datuk Seri S.K. Devamany might replace Datuk M. Saravanan as deputy youth and sports minister. Devamany had beaten Saravanan to the party’s No. 2 post last November. 

Two fresh faces, namely Kuala Selangor lawmaker Datuk Irmohizam Ibrahim and newly elected Sungai Besar lawmaker Budiman Mohd Zohdi, are also said to be on the radar to become deputy ministers. 

The duo may fill the positions left vacant by former deputy plantation industries and commodities minister Tan Sri Noriah Kasnon, who died in a helicopter crash in May, and former deputy domestic trade, cooperatives and consumerism minister Datuk Seri Ahmad Bashah Md Hanipah, who stepped down to become Kedah menteri besar. 

Political analysts said the impending cabinet reshuffle was part of Najib’s preparations to help BN gear up for the 14th General Election, slated to be held by 2018. 

“By strengthening the cabinet, Najib can now focus on preparing for the next general election. “There is also the possibility that the reshuffle is meant to prepare BN for snap polls,” said Professor Dr Zaid Ahmad from Universiti Putra Malaysia. 

Universiti Sains Malaysia’s Professor Dr Sivamurugan Pandian said the reshuffle could be the last one before the next general election. 

“Besides adding new faces, Najib will also drop those who did not perform well. 

“Some may see this as a minor reshuffle, but Najib wants a strong team that can help him win the next general election.” 

Professor Dr Mohd Azizuddin Mohd Sani, from Universiti Utara Malaysia, said the deputy minister appointments would allow younger members of parliament to play an important role in the government. 

“Young leaders will be given an opportunity and appointed as deputy ministers. Najib needs to give younger members of parliament the chance to hold higher positions in the government because they are the future of BN.” - NST